Multi Sectoral Joint Needs Assessment Report
Bunkhouses in Concepcion and Estancia
Iloilo Province - Region VI - 30 April 2014
Typhoon Haiyan affected 515,017 families in 84 municipalities across the Western Visayas region. While
most affected families are expected to repair or reconstruct their homes in their places of origin, the
municipalities of Estancia and Concepcion in Iloilo Province have opted for relocating populations living in
hazard prone areas close to the seashore to more appropriate locations. While land is being identified for
permanent resettlement, 20 bunkhouses with a total capacity of 240 families were built in Barangay
Bacjawan in Concepcion Municipality and in Barangay Gogo in Estancia Municipality in order to relocate
this population temporarily. As of 30 April, 171 families with a total 824 people were occupying the
bunkhouses, where they are expected to stay for two to five years until permanent resettlement sites are
1.2. Objective of Assessment
Humanitarian organizations conducted the multi-sectoral assessment in response to requests for
assistance from the municipal authorities. The assessment is meant to inform further discussions with the
municipal administrations on the support they require.
Two teams including representatives from the health, education, food security and agriculture, early
recovery and livelihood, child protection and camp coordination and camp management clusters were set
up to conduct the assessment in both locations on 30 April 14. In Barangay Gogo, the team gathered
information through two focus group discussions. The team that visited Barangay Bacjawan conducted
interviews with bunkhouse residents using a standardized questionnaire that was developed beforehand.
The findings of both assessments are presented separately in this report.
The information contained in this report primarily reflects the perspectives from the interviewed
communities. As the municipal authorities did not participate in the assessment, the information will need
to be validated with appropriate departments. The recommendations will also require to be discussed with
the municipal authorities and eventual assistance by the humanitarian community will be based on a
request from the same authorities.
1.4. Brief description of the bunkhouses
Located in Estancia Municipality at around 3 km to the north of the town center, the complex includes ten
bunkhouses of a total capacity of 120 families. It was built by the Department of Public Works and
Highways (DPWH) as part of a project, developed before Yolanda, to relocate informal settlers and
people living in hazard prone areas in the municipality. It was handed over to the municipal administration
on 10 April 2014. As of 30 April, 68 families with 358 individuals were occupying the bunkhouses, of
whom 52 families with 239 individuals were present at the time of the visit. Most of this population
originates from Barangay Botongon that was affected by the oil spill in November 2013. A few families
were already living on the site prior to the construction of the bunkhouses.
Located in Concepcion Municipality at one kilometer from the town center, the ten bunkhouse complex
also has capacity of 120 families. It was handed over by DPWH to the Municipality of Concepcion in 28
February 2014. It currently provides temporary accommodation to 119 families (585 individuals) who lost
their houses on the seashore as a result of Yolanda.
2. Assessment of Barangay Gogo Bunkhouses, Estancia Municipality
Information was collected through two focus group discussions were conducted at the Gogo bunkhouses
by two different teams with the support of a local NGO for approximately two hours.
The first group included 13 participants, seven men and six women, aged between 30 and 80 and
originating from Barangay Gogo. The second group included approximately 40 individuals, most of them
women, from Barangay Botongon. Their age ranged between 15 and 60 years.
For each group, the facilitator introduced the team, explained the purpose of the assessment and
encouraged participation. The team acknowledged that, because of the high number of participants in
one of the group, the discussion could not cover all issues in-depth. It is also acknowledged that some
participants might not have been able to express their personal opinions.
Most people are fishermen. Before Yolanda, some were earning an average 1,000 pesos per day in peak
season and 200 pesos per day during lean season. Others were employed as construction workers,
tricycle drivers or mechanics. A few among those who have been living in Gogo are farmers and used to
grow cassava, sweet potato, fruits, bamboo and trees. They were reportedly self-sufficient. The majority
of the women were drying fish, which they were selling at the market or in the fishing port. Some had
small businesses in the form of sari-sari stores and a couple of women said they were providing services
such as manicure and laundry. The table below summarizes the average daily income per profession
Profession Income (PHP)
Selling Dried Fish 200
Sari-sari Store 150-180
All respondents indicated that their incomes are significantly lower since Yolanda. Most fishermen lost
their fishing boats and are forcing to rent boats at rates that depend on their daily catchment. While some
have resumed their occupation after receiving financial or material assistance to repair their assets, most
of the respondents have turned into manual laborers relying on available work opportunities. They usually
earn an income of Php100-150 per day of labor.
All respondents believe they have the necessary skillset in order to push through with their livelihoods.
2.2. Food Security
Before Yolanda, people were usually eating rice, fish, shellfish, canned goods, miscellaneous fruits and
vegetables, and chicken. Beef and pork were only bought when they had a higher income than usual.
They were able to eat three times a day and, when money was available, they could have an additional
meal (afternoon snack). Food was primarily purchased from the local market or coming from their own
catch (for the fisher folks).
Respondent indicated their diet has been reduced since Yolanda. They rely on dilis, a variety of small
fish, which is the most affordable. Other food items include rice, vegetables, dried fish and food provided
by the government and humanitarian organisations. They usually eat two meals a day, giving priority to
their children so that they have regular meals to the extent possible. Respondents said that backyard
gardening would allow them to complement their diet and would appreciate vegetable seeds.
Food is purchased from the market or from vendors visiting the bunkhouse for those who cannot afford
going to the market. Respondents said there has been an increase in food prices after Typhoon Yolanda
as illustrated on the table below:
Bunkhouse residents are not allowed to prepare food or cook near their rooms to prevent fire and
maintain cleanliness. Half of the respondents prepare their food at the communal kitchen and the other
half share a kitchen with relatives. The communal kitchen is adjacent to the latrines, which is source of
concern regarding hygiene and comfort.
Respondents suggested that children have thinner arms and rotund bellies compared to before Yolanda,
raising concerns over their nutritional status.
Respondents said they have enough water for drinking, cooking and daily hygiene. The only time when
drinking water was in short supply was when muddy roads due to rainfall made it difficult for water
Drinking water is clean and has no smell. Only half of the respondents boil water for drinking. The
majority of them use a piece of cloth to filter their drinking water. Water is stored in bladders, water
containers and jerry cans.
Respondents said they have sufficient supply of soap from the emergency distribution following Yolanda.
No cases of water-borne diseases have been reported.
Communal latrines and bathing facilities are available for each gender. Some respondents say they do
not feel safe using latrines due to the existence of gaps between the door and the door frame allows
people to peek through and the lack of adequate lighting. In addition, some residents do not adhere to the
gender segregation. For this reason, some women and children go to latrines/bathing facilities in pairs so
that one of them can stand as a guard.
Garbage is disposed into a common trash bin. However, it has not been collected since the beginning of
April. Garbage accumulation tends to become a breeding ground for flies. Stagnant water from the rain
could serve as breeding sites for mosquitoes.
According to respondents, most common illnesses are acute upper respiratory tract infections. Over the
counter medication and herbal medications are generally to alleviate the symptoms. Some children have
had symptoms, such as coughing, running nose, fever and eye redness. It is feared the extreme heat
during summer may predispose the most vulnerable, such as the very young and the elderly to heat
stroke or dehydration.
Food Item Quantity
Rice 1 kilogram 40 50-60
Squash 1 slice 10 20
Egg 1 dozen 50-60 70-90
Dilis (Small Fish) 1 cache 20 40
Pork 1 kilogram 150 200-220
Respondents said that they consult at the Barangay Health Station (BHS) and, if there is a need for
referral to a higher level facility, they go to the RHU in Estancia or to Malbog hospital. The midwife
assigned to the area visits the bunkhouses once a week. IOM also conducts medical consultation once a
week. In collaboration with the LGU and the local medical doctor, UNFPA conducted a reproductive
health medical mission (RHMM), which provided information to pregnant and lactating women and
distributed dignity kits. Overall, the respondents say they are satisfied with the medical assistance they
have been receiving. In the meantime, some expressed the view that there is poor access to the BHS and
that, in case of a medical emergency, there could be a delay in receiving assistance.
All parents who participated in the discussion said their school-aged children will go back to school once
the school year resumes in June. They will be enrolled at the Gogo Elementary School, which is only 10
minutes away. The parents said they have limited resources to buy school materials for their children.
They also noted there are no learning facilities in the bunkhouse area and wish to have one so that their
children are able to catch up academically.
2.6. Child Protection
Respondents said they do not feel their children are safe because of hazards, such as proximity to a
steep slope and lack of electricity and security at night. In order to minimize insecurity, there was an offer
from the Sangguniang Bayan to provide tanod watch.
In almost all families, children share bedroom with parents. Children are reportedly going around to
collect scraps to sell and make money.
There are no available child-friendly spaces.
2.7 Ranking of community concerns
Community concerns can be ranked as follows:
Livelihood Sustainable livelihood is a concern, especially for the fishermen whose
boats were damaged by Yolanda.
Women expressed interest in small scale business and planting vegetables
around the bunkhouse.
WASH Proximity of the communal kitchen to the latrines should be addressed.
Waste management/garbage collection
Health Residents deliberately use over the counter medications, like Neozep and
Amoxicillin to treat cough and colds without doctor’s prescription, including
Child Protection Issues, such as unsafe playground and children going around the area to
collect scrap to sell, should be addressed.